Support for English Language Learners drawn from Understanding Language’s - Understanding Language/Stanford Center for Assessment, Learning and Equity at Stanford University.
Support sense-making: Scaffold tasks and amplify language so students can make their own meaning. To amplify language is to anticipate where EL learners may be challenged by the language and providing multiple ways to access content and terms.*
Optimize output: Strengthen the opportunities and supports for helping students to describe clearly their mathematical thinking to others, orally, visually, and in writing.*
Cultivate conversation: Strengthen the opportunities and supports for constructive mathematical conversations (pairs, groups, and whole class).
Maximize linguistic and cognitive meta-awareness: Strengthen the ”meta-” connections and distinctions between mathematical ideas, reasoning, and language.